There are many types and varieties of cucumbers to choose from, all of which can be grown in the north because most take 55 days or less to mature. This makes choosing a variety based on taste and use easier, whether it's a pickling cuke, one that's great in a salad, or one that contains few seeds and less acid making it easier on the digestive system.
Types of Cucumbers
Slicing: Cucumbers average 7-9" long with relatively thin skins and few spines
Pickling: Cucumbers average 4-5" long and are block-shaped with minimal spines
Seedless and Thin Skinned: Few to no seeds with thin skins
Specialty: Cucumbers that are unique is size, color & shape
Slicing Cucumber Varieties
Corinto: American variety growing 7-8" long with dark green skins. Does well in hot or cool weather. Small seed cavity. 48 days.
General Lee: American variety growing 8-8.5" long with dark skins and white spines. Averages high yields. 52 days.
Olympian: American variety growing 8-9" long with dark green skins. Crisp with a fresh flavor. Produces high yields. Very disease resistant. 52 days.
Early Spring Burpless Hybrid: Vigorous variety produces 12-15" long cucumbers with dark green skins and bright white flesh. Crisp and mild in taste. 52 days.
Marketmore: American variety growing 8-9" long with dark green skins. Slender in size. Popular in the north. 58 days.
Sweet Slice Hybrid: Burpless variety produces 10-12" cucumbers that are bitter-free and mild in flavor. Tolerates mildew and scab. 63 days.
Straight Eight: Produces 8" cucumbers up to 2.5" wide and dark green in color. Crisp with a small seed cavity. 65 days.
Pickling Cucumber Varieties
Bush Pickle Hybrid: Extra early variety produces 5" cucumbers. Great for small gardens or containers. Mild in flavor. 45 days.
Northern Pickling: American variety best when harvested at 3-5". Produces medium green fruits on compact vines. Great for small gardens and containers. 48 days.
Vertina: European variety best when harvested at 3-5". Produces high yields of dark green cucumbers with black spines. 49 days.
Jackson Classic: American variety best when harvested at 3-5". Blocky in size and dark green in color with white spines. Disease resistant. 49 days.
Salt and Pepper: American variety best when harvested at 3-5". Produces white skinned cucumbers with black spines. Disease resistant. 49 days.
Adam Gherkin: European variety best when harvested at 2-3". Produces high yields of dark green cucumbers with noticeable taste. 50 days.
Excelsior: American variety best when harvested at 4-5". Produces high yields of dark green, blocky cucumbers. Intense flavor. 50 days.
Miss Pickler Hybrid: Early, vigorous variety. Cucumbers are crisp, blocky and medium-green in color. Retains crispness when pickled. 50 days.
Little Leaf: American variety best when harvested at 3-5". Produces emerald green skinned cucumbers on compact vines. Great for pickling or eating fresh. 57 days.
Eureka Hybrid: Great variety for pickling or slicing. Harvest at 2-4" for pickling and 7" for slicing. Vigorous plants produce deep green skinned cucumbers. 57 days.
Sassy Hybrid: Great variety for pickling or slicing. Harvest at 3-5" for pickling or 6-10" for slicing. Produces crisp and plump cucumbers. 57 days.
Seedless and Thin Skinned Varieties of Cucumbers
Katrina: Seedless variety best when harvested at 5.5-6.5". Medium sized and full of flavor. 49 days.
Socrates: Thin skinned and seedless variety grows 7-8". Sweet and tender in taste. Dark skinned. 52 days.
Sweet Success Hybrid: Early seedless variety. Crisp, mild in flavor and acid-free cucumbers reach an average of 14". Tolerates scab and mosaic virus. 54 days.
Amiga: Thin skinned variety grows 6" cucumbers. Flavorful and dark green in color. Disease resistant. 55 days.
Tyria: Seedless variety grows up to 14". Dark green cucumbers are slightly ribbed. Resistant to target spot. 56 days.
Diva: Seedless and bitter-free variety. Cucumbers are crisp and sweet to taste. 58 days.
Iznik Hybrid: Gourmet cocktail variety with thin skin and very few seeds. Mimics melon in taste. Vigorous variety great for eating fresh. Pickles well. 60 days.
Specialty Varieties of Cucumbers
Suyo Long: Chinese variety produces cucumbers up to 15". Very adaptable. Great for pickling. 61 days.
Striped Armenian: Produces flavorful cucumbers that are best when harvested at 8-18". Grows “S” in shape. Flavorful. Skins alternate between dark and light green stripes. 63 days.
Lemon: Produces sweet and flavorful yellow skinned cucumbers resembling lemons. Best when harvested at 1.5-2.5". Good fresh or pickled. 65 days.